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The Relationship Between Muslims and Non-Muslims- 2

seminar42- Another important aspect is that the texts of the Quran and Prophetic Sunnah don’t stop at just emphasizing the importance and status of human dignity, but they rather push us to work toward building positive relationships and creating a positive atmosphere to foster coexistence between all humans regardless of their creeds, colors, or races. Of these texts, we find in Surat Al-Hujurat verse 13,

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقۡنَـٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ۬ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ شُعُوبً۬ا وَقَبَآٮِٕلَ لِتَعَارَفُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّ أَڪۡرَمَكُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتۡقَٮٰكُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ۬ (الحجرات 13) "O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Al-Hujurat: 13)

We also see this evident in the well-known speech the Prophet - peace be upon him - gave in his farewell pilgrimage or what is more commonly known as "Hajjat Al-Wadaa'"

(O' people verily your Lord is One and your father (ancestry) is one. You are all to Adam and Adam is from dust. Verily the most generous of you to Allah is the most God-conscious. There is no preference to an Arab over a non Arab. Nor is there a preference to a non-Arab over an Arab or a white over colored except in being God-conscious (taqwa). Verily I have delivered my message, O' Allah, bear witness that I have delivered my message. Verily those who are present shall deliver the message to those who aren't. (From the speech of the Prophet -peace be upon him- in "Hajjat Al-Wadaa' ")

And in the Prophet's - peace be upon him – prayers, he would say, “O’ Allah, I bear witness that you are Allah, there is no God but you. I bear witness that all of the servants are brothers." (Abu Dawood)

Allah -swt- says in Surat Al-Baqarah, verse 285 ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ‌ۚ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّن رُّسُلِهِۦ‌ۚ وَقَالُواْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَا‌ۖ غُفۡرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ (البقرة 285) "The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His messengers. "We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His messengers." And they say: "We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys." (Al-Baqarah: 285.)

All these textual references from the Quran and the Prophetic Sunnah were revealed to foster a world in which human dignity and honor are well-preserved and to help humankind achieve happiness and welfare. They were revealed to establish a coexistence born from good dealings, kindness, and mutual care between Muslims and non-Muslims, be it on the individual or societal level.

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